Thursday, March 18, 2021

Literature Review (Seminar) On Home Management Practices Among Caregivers On Malaria Treatment.

 Hi guys, finally did my Seminar defense and I thank God for his grace, love, favour, blessings and protection upon my life, for making this day come true.

This work is dedicated to God Almighty who saw me through, my family and friends for their love and unending support.


Nigeria is among the countries with the highest global burden of malaria, and nearly everybody is at risk of this disease. Malaria is avoidable and curable, increased efforts are dramatically reducing the malaria burden globally. Adequately, community knowledge about malaria is crucial in order to improve malarial treatment, control and prevention by reducing exposure to the disease. Fever is the most common symptom of malaria. When a child has fever, parents or caregivers commonly treat them as if they were affected by malaria, whether right or wrong. Treatment of malaria depends on many factors including disease severity, the species of malaria parasite causing the infection, and the part of the world in which the infection was acquired. Home-based treatment is a simple and effective initiative that is revolutionizing the treatment of malaria in Nigeria and Africa, putting essential drugs and know-how into the hands of those who most need them – mothers and community based caregivers. To prevent malaria infection and promote malaria free zones, understanding the community’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward malaria control are essential.


Mothers are usually the first to recognize the signs and symptoms of malaria because they are the ones who take care of their children at home. Therefore, home management practices among caregivers on malaria treatment is very important to ensure that the first line of treatment given by caregivers are appropriate. However, constant public enlightenment as a reminder for the implementation of proper guidelines of home management on malaria treatment is necessary. This aids to avoid harmful practices, decisions and actions that occur at home for effective malaria treatment. Also, simple and reliable diagnostic test kits as well as effective and appropriate drugs for malaria treatment should be made available for easy accessibility when needed.  


Ahmed L. A, Akinboboye O., Ilesanmi O. S., Oguntuase D. A. (2017) Home management of malaria among caregivers of under-five children in Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Health Social Sciences.;2(3):309-322 

Andrew  A. and  Akpan, E. (2019). An Evaluation of Malaria Control Practices by Caregivers of Under-5 Children in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Research in Medical Science, 4(07), 414 to 419.

Arute  J. E., and  Odili  V. U., (2019). Home Based Management of  Uncomplicated P. falciparum Malar ia in Children Below Five Years in Delta State. Galician Medical Journal.26(1).

Chukwuocha, Uchechukwu. (2011). Rapid assessment of home management of malaria among caregivers in parts of south eastern Nigeria. The Pan African medical journal. 10. 29. 

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CDC. Malaria- Diagnosis and Treatment, (2019). Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

CDC. Malaria- Prevention and Control, (2018). Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 

Jegede A., Willey B., Hamade P., (2020). Evaluation of a capacity building intervention on malaria treatment for under-fives in rural health facilities in Niger State, Nigeria. Malaria Journal 19, 90. 

Kabaghe A. N., Visser B. J., Spijker R., Phiri K. S., Grobusch M. P., Van Vugt M. (2016). Health workers’ compliance to rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to guide malaria treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Malaria Journal.;15:163 

Konlan K., Amu H., Dodam K. K., Japiong, M., (2019). Awareness and Malaria Prevention Practices in a Rural Community in the Ho Municipality, Ghana. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases. 1-8.  

Manaf R., Sampson O.,  Ismail S., Udeani T. K., (2017). Socio-demographic Characteristics and Health-Seeking Behaviour for Malaria Treatment among Caregivers of Under-Five Children with Fever in Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences. 6(4). 94-106. 

Munisi D. Z., Nyundo A. A., Mpondo B. C. (2019). Knowledge, attitude and practice towards malaria among symptomatic patients attending Tumbi Referral Hospital: A cross-sectional study. PLOS ONE 14(8): e0220501. 

Obiukwu M., Egbuche C., Okonkwo N. J., Chukwuma I., Ugwuanyi I. and Umeanaeto P., (2011). Malaria: Home Management Practices Of  Caregivers In Onitsha-North Local Government Area, Anambra State Of Nigeria. Natural and Applied Sciences Journal. 12(2). 190-196.                                                                                   

Oladimeji K. E., Tsoka-Gwegweni, J.M., Ojewole E. and Yunga T. S., (2019). Knowledge of malaria prevention among pregnant women and non-pregnant mothers of children aged under 5 years in Ibadan, South West Nigeria. Malaria Journal 18, 92. 

Onyeanusi C., Abdulmuminu I., Aluh, D. and Ezeme A., (2018). Knowledge and practice of malaria prevention and management among non-medical students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health. 5(2). 461-465.

. Romay-Barja M., Ncogo P., Nseng G., Santana-Morales M. A., Herrador Z., Berzosa P., (2016). Caregivers’ Malaria Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes, and Related Factors in the Bata District, Equatorial Guinea. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0168668. 

 Sunday J. A., Abolaji S. A., and Love B. A., (2018). Mothers' knowledge and practices associated with managing malaria in children under five in Nigeria. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health 12:2, 87-92

Talipouo A., Ngadjeu C. S., Doumbe-Belisse P., (2019). Malaria prevention in the city of Yaoundé: knowledge and practices of urban dwellers. Malaria Journal 18, 167.

Udujih, O. G., Udujih, H. I., Ukaga, C. N., and Iwuala, C. C. (2020). Health- Seeking Behaviour among Caregivers in Treatment of Childhood Malaria in Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 41(8), 38-45. .

Uzochukwu B. S, Ezeoke O. P, Emma-Ukaegbu U, Onwujekwe O. E, Sibeudu F. T., (2010). Malaria treatment services in Nigeria: A review. Nigerian Medical Journal;51:114-119 

WHO. Guidelines for the treatment of malaria. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; (2010).

WHO. Malaria, (2020). World Health Organization. 

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Home management practices among caregivers on malaria treatment.